This research guide provides an introduction to basic treaty research.
Last Updated: May 17, 2013
- Treaty: an international agreement concluded between States in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969 (Vienna Convention, 1555 U.N.T.S. 331, Art. 2(1)(a).
- Bilateral or multilateral. Treaties may be bilateral -- between two parties, or multilateral -- between three or more parties.
- Public International Law: 1) Law that applies to conduct of nation-states across national boundaries, 2) Law that applies to relationships between nation-states and international organizations, 3) Law that applies to some relationships between nation-states or international organizations and persons. Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law of the United States, Sec. 101 (1987).
Kathryn C. Fitzhugh
Reference/Special Collections Librarian
- ALWD Citation Manual. Rule 21 covers treaties, international sources, and foreign sources.
- The Bluebook. Rule 21 covers international materials. Rule 21.4 covers treaties and other international agreements.