This is the "Introduction" page of the "Treaty Research" guide.
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Treaty Research  

This research guide provides an introduction to basic treaty research.
Last Updated: Sep 20, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Introduction Print Page

Definition of Treaty

  • Treaty:  an international agreement concluded between States in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation.  Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969 (Vienna Convention, 1555 U.N.T.S. 331, Art. 2(1)(a).
  • Bilateral or multilateral.  Treaties may be bilateral -- between two parties, or multilateral -- between three or more parties.
  • Public International Law:  1)  Law that applies to conduct of nation-states across national boundaries, 2) Law that applies to relationships between nation-states and international organizations, 3) Law that applies to some relationships between nation-states or international organizations and persons.  Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law of the United States, Sec. 101 (1987).

Best Books on Treaty Research

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Kathryn C. Fitzhugh
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Citation Formats for Treaties

  • ALWD Citation Manual.  Rule 21 covers treaties, international sources, and foreign sources.    Reserve KF 245 .A45 
  • The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation.  Rule 21 covers international materials.  Rule 21.4 covers treaties and other international agreements.  Reserve KF 245 .U55 

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